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JAPAN

1. Hokkaido University, School of Law

2. Kyushu University, Faculty of Law

3. The University of Tokyo, Faculty of Law

4. Waseda University, School of Law

 

Kyushu University did not respond to our emails, so some answers are incomplete.

1. Hokkaido University, School of Law
Kita 9, Nishi 7, Sapporo 060-0809 Japan
Phone: +81 11 706 3119; Fax: +81 11 706 4948
Email: shomu@juris.hokudai.ac.jp

Process from Law School to practice:

Pass Bar examination after graduating from Law Department of 4 years University, and enter the Legal Training and Research Institute to study practical skill for 2 years.

 

2. Kyushu University, Faculty of Law
6-19-1 Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fuukuoka 812-8581, Japan
Phone: +81 92 642 2111; Fax: +81 92 642 3165
Email: hojyo@Law.Kyushu-u.ac.jp

Process from Law School to practice:

- pass the Bar Examination.

- finish the Training Program (one and the half year) given jointly by Courts and Bar Association

3. The University of Tokyo, Faculty of Law
The University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Law and Politics
Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-0033 Japan
Phone: +81 3 5841 3100; Fax: +81 3 5841 3119; Email: deanfl@j.u-tokyo.ac.jp

Process from Law School to practice:

Currently, becoming a licensed member of the Bar requires passing an annual national Bar Examination and then successfully completing an 18-month training program at the Legal Training and Research Institute (including 12 months of on-site training at courts, prosecutors’ offices and law firms). At present only about 1250 candidates pass the Bar Exam each year.

 

4. Waseda University, School of Law
1-6-1, Nishi-Waseda, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-50, Japan
Phone: +81 3 5286-1803; Fax: +81 3 5286 1808; Email: gaku@waseda.jp

Process from Law School to practice:

In Japan law is taught at the undergraduate level and a legal education is also offered at undergraduate level at many universities.

In order to become a lawyer in Japan, one has to pass the National Bar Examination, which is held annually by the Ministry of Justice. Usually from 30.000 to 36.000 people apply to take the examination; of these 1.000 pass. The success rate, in other words, is around 3%. The average age of the successful candidates is around 27 years old, indicating that applicants on an average need to study for the examination for four or five years after graduating.

Those who pass the Bar examination then enter the Legal Training and Research Institute, which is run by the Supreme Court, where they receive two years of education in the practical skills and techniques of lawyers. After completion of the two years of training, and following a final examination, about 15% of the students are appointed assistant judges and about 10% become public prosecutors. Almost all of the remainders register as attorney.